The Story begins about 1949 two years after the big snow Blizzard in February and March 1947 when tillage operations were delayed for a couple of months drawing attention to the short time frame for doing the work and the need for something like a tractor to complete the compulsory sowing of wheat with some bread rationing due to lack of wheat flour and a couple of extracts and a piece ,about this reported in The People Newspaper in the Month of May 1947, Mr. Lemass, Minister for Industry and Commerce told Mr Keating in Questions in the Dail that he was aware that there was difficulty and delay in obtaining this country’s full requirement of tractors. Every possible action had been taken with a view of securing speedier delivery as the distribution of tractors was not subject to official control, he could not assist any individual to obtain his requirements out of the supplies becoming available and inquiries in this direction should be pursued through normal trade by1949 Dick could see the way forward was the tractor and himself and Joe acquired a new Fordson tractor, one man, I know well told me Joe had the new tractor over at Ballyfad when he started school in 1949 and it was drawing great attention. They used a three furrow Cockshutt plough because the early Fordson had no hydraulic lift, and it used a rope and some kind of trip system for lifting it. They also had a single furrow plough. By February 1953 Dick and his brothers John and Joe had bought the farm in Ahullen from the relatives of Larry Darcy who died in 1948. Their brother Austin, a year older than Dick died from meningitis at nine years of age, and Dick would have missed a good deal of school after it, but his mother was quite good at business and he read a lot of books and most likely compensated for it that way. By 26th November 1958, their brother John had begun his first Gardening programme called the Gardening Magazine broadcast on National Radio, who was assistant Keeper of the Botanic Gardens, and who was already widely known as a writer and a lecturer as reported in the Herald Newspaper November ’58.

Farmers Garden by John Fanning 24.01.1969 Sligo Champion

While I waited for the farmhouse door to be opened, I looked out over the shivering cows at the farmyard gate past the dreary winter landscape to the mountains half-hidden from the sleet blowing from the Northeast. I debated to whether I should  wait at the door or stay in the car I heard footsteps the door was opened by the  lady I had met after the lecture on  the previous evening. She had asked me if I would call and give some advice  on her garden before going back to Dublin. I was now inside my ordeal was over, I couldn’t forget the shivering cows standing hock deep in mud  and adding  to their misery by horning one another spasmodically, I just couldn’t decide if this was bad temper, or an effort to get some shelter from the searing sleet. “What would I advise to give the place a better appearance?”

For most farmhouses and the surrounding farmyard, I consider shelter is of first importance… after all,  the comfort of the home and the stock is more important the impressions of callers, shelter will make it possible to make a better garden. Start with the shelter and go on from there.

I have written on this subject in this bulletin before, so now need only say that shelter is economically justifiable, apart from the comfort it gives  and the improved appearance of the farmstead.

I prefer the evergreens-trees without leaves, would have been of little help to the cows standing at that gate, or to the woman struggling across the yard with that bale of straw. Of the evergreen, my first choice as a farmer’s son reared at 600 feet above sea level and exposed to the NE is Lawson’s Cyprus. It’s not so fast-growing as one would like, but it is permanent. For greater speed some of the Cupressus macrocarpa could be mixed, or possibly the Leyland cypress. Plant at about 6 feet apart in ground that is enriched by a little (forkful  farmyard manure in the bottom of the hole and covered with a 3” deep layer of soil before planting. If you have some trees that are not growing fast add the manure as a mulch on the surface it keeps down the grass and the moisture and the trees grow much faster much faster in  consequence.

for situations the Sitka spruce is excellent also- much faster than the Norway spruce. For exposed situations especially on acid soils and wet spots, the Pinus contorta good Evergreen that will always grow stand any exposure. Admittedly  the deciduous trees are faster and might be used as “fillers” to give shelter until the more effective evergreens are tall enough. The poplars are the  fastest, but in some areas, they lose their leaves so early with leafspot that they are not advised. Use populus  robusta or other large-leaved form, plant firmly and stake if using tall trees. The grey alder and the white willow are very good deciduous trees  and grow fast in most situations, especially in the wet or water-logged soils. Space at 5’ apart each way.

For most shelter belts two or three rows of trees are enough, but I would advise a line of shade tolerant shrubs at the edge. This will grow more slowly, but it will never go bare at the base and when the trees lose their lower branches these shrubs will provide shelter  at ground level that is so important for milk locations. I would advise Grisel Inia  or Olearia (O.  macrodonta for the colder area and O. Traversii for the milder spots near the sea.) For appearance and stock exclusion  there is nothing better than the holly. Its slow growing but if well fed and spaced  at about 5’ apart make a perfect screen within 10 years. shelter belts should be planted  but it’s just a waste of money if they’re not fenced to exclude stock … and well fenced, so that the stock can’t lean in over the wire and eat the leaves or leaders of the trees.

At this stage I advised my hostess services of the horticultural Instructor . She didn’t seem to be aware he can give excellent advice, that this advice is free of charge, and that most County committees of agriculture also give grants for trees.

Once the shelter is planted, garden making may begin, or at least the planning stage is reached. Here again the Horticultural Instructor will give invaluable help, because  he knows the local circumstances soil and can advise where you can see the shrubs he advises, locally.

Farm gardens must be  either easy to maintain or almost self-maintaining . In the making use ornamental trees and shrubs, roses, bulbs and the few herbaceous plants that are easy to care

Such as Pampas grass, red hot pokers, lupins, peony roses etc.


In general, I find that farmers gardens are like the man with the leaking thatched roof. He couldn’t do it on a wet day, and it didn’t need to be done on the dry one. The farmer would like to have the garden in the summer, but he can’t do it then has forgotten the need for it in the winter, when it could be made.

Selection of trees

My selection of trees would be the weeping Birch (drainage is good) or weeping Willow it is not. And I would like at least one tree of that  noble and beautiful blue cedar (Cedrus atlantica glauca). This will require at least 40 feet in each direction, it is a fast growing very large tree. I believe you should also have the Magnolia soulangiana, for the magnificent flowers in April and if you would like some attractive evergreens, I would advise Picea brewiana,   Cupress Cupress  Nootkatensis ‘Pendula and the loveliest and rarest of all-Cedrus atlantica pendula. Spread these trees out well at least 20’ apart so they have space to develop may be seen to best advantage.

Now you should think of some ornamental shrubs, flowering, berried or coloured foliage, and try to select so that you have at least one for each month of the year.

My selection is as follows:-  January-Mahonia, japonica- long sprays of yellow flowers from November to March. Fragrant February Daphne mezereum- maroon or white flowers. Fragrant.

March- Cydonia Rowallane seedling red-scarlet flowers. Best grown against a wall.

April- Cytisus praeccox also known as Warminster Broom.

May Berberis darwinii attractive evergreen with orange flowers (does not carry the wheat rust).

June Genista Lydia this creeping plant has bright yellow flowers.

July- Spartium junceum(known as Spanish broom, rush broom, or weaver’s broom. This bloom flowers all summer. Flowers yellow. Best planted in a group of Skimmia ( Japonica) or hydrangea

August -Hydrangea ‘Holstein’ or “Valcain” if the soil  if limy flowers will be pink. For blue flowers grow in lime free soil and add alum, about a half  pound per plant, spread over soil.

September- Acer palmatum  the deep purple leaves of this Japanese maple are indispensable.

October-Rhus cotinus foliis purpureis- this is the purple smoke plant. Looks best if planted beside grey foliaged  plant.

November- Skimmia Foremanii-If a group of females and one male are planted the large red berries will be carried in plenty.

December- Holly “Golden King” this holly has large yellow blotches in the leaves, if a male is planted the” Golden King will also carry berries.

Excellent plants.

There are a few excellent plants which are not in the above list, such as the lilas Massena to flower in May, and some of the golden conifers  such as Thuja Rheingold about 5’ high or the golden Lawson’s cypress (about 30’ high when mature). I also know that the Laburnum is very popular, but I have omitted it because the seeds are poisonous. This Article gives us an insight to his work.

Sadly John Died Christmas Eve, 1971 and there was a very nice appreciation of him written in the Irish Times in 1972.

Irish Times January 11 1972

Mr. John Fanning

An Appreciation

It is difficult to realise that John Fanning the Dynamic indefatigable worker is no longer with us. Death took him on Christmas Eve. John came of farming background and hailed from Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford. He received his secondary education at C.B.S., Gorey, and then spent a year at Warrenstown Agricultural college, Co. Meath. After he successfully completed the special four-year course run by the Department of Agriculture for the training of the County horticultural advisory officers. He was to become one of the most popular and sought after lecturers under the Royal Dublin society’s extension lecture series, and he came to be very closely associated with the Tidy Towns Competition sponsored by Bord Failte.

These varied activities made John’s name a household word throughout the country and his work brought interest, pleasure and encouragement to countless numbers of people. Whilst at the Botanic Gardens and in spite of his many duties and the great demands on his spare time, the student in John had him back at study, which was rewarded by his obtaining the coveted National Diploma in Horticulture awarded by the Royal Horticultural Society of England.

Appointment as Senior Horticultural Inspector in the Department of Agriculture came in 1963. In this onerous position, which he held until his death, his great ability, capacity for hard work, and unruffled diplomacy, brought real achievements on many fronts and resulted in many advances in commercial horticulture in Ireland.

In his assessments, he passionately believed that progress and development in Irish horticulture rested squarely on better education at all levels, and he strove continually for improved training facilities. In his time, he had the satisfaction of seeing new formal courses launched and new horticultural training colleges established. John was taken at the very height of an outstanding career. Through his untimely death the nation has lost a most distinguished horticulturalist and a widely-known and respected personality. Irish horticulture has received a grievous blow at a very critical time.

Our deepest sympathy goes out to his widow, Bernie, and his four young children.

A good friend of mine told me there was a lot of waste on the farm in Ahullen, and it had to be cleaned up, they could see by mid-fifties or a little later that one could pay for a farm with three crops of wheat in 3 years (I would think good prices as a result of food scarcity caused by the war would have been a factor in this) once you had a tractor.


Advert 20-Sept 1956: For Sale Class Super Combine Harvester: as new condition; price £525, Fanning Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford Phone 14, and my good friend tells me Borleagh Manor the adjoining property to Ahullen would have been the first in the area to have a phone, and he is fairly sure it was before the Colonel died in 1945. He could remember Richard Greene standing in the hallway the day of the antique auction, 9-Nov ’60 and I found an Advert for the Antique auction 9th Nov 1960

8th March 1961 Richard Greene, Borleagh, Inch looking for assistant gardener

Their grandfather PJ Fanning inherited their home farm where they were born after his uncle was killed from a fall from a horse after having a good few drinks or either that, the car turned over on him. PJ had been working for a newspaper in America before this which I assume was before 1912 the date of one of his letters to the Leinster Leader newspaper. The man Ted Fanning told me he remembered Dick using a bulldozer around 1953 to fill in the hole from the old WW11,1941 Bombsite opposite the Present Boland’s Hardware today. Dick started off Cleaning up land and moved quickly and naturally into land reclamation,21 March 1959, Dick has an Advert in the Independent looking for a Priestman dragline driver must be experienced in land reclamation.  Tom Colgan used to drive the Priestman Lion and stayed in the lodge in Ahullen, which Dick Cullen used for a while during Larry Darcy’s time. Dick had an advert July 1960 in the paper baled hay for sale, and another advert for a Massey 780 diesel combine for the sale year 1955 price £ 500 Phone Inch 22.

Advert 3 July 1962 Geith drainage plough, done one week’s work, as new, £250 under list price. R. Fanning, Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford. Phone Inch 22

Dick took on Germans Guskin’s job 22nd April 1963 in Hyde Park and Killowen, and Sissi makes a note about seeing Edith 12th July 1963. Dick buys the Poclain TC 45 Excavators from Sam Mc Cormick in Jamestown, Inchicore, Dublin 8, and he has an advert in the Irish Independent


Fordson Major BMI 374 1963

Following three tractors in 1963 Diary with County Wexford number plates: Fordson Major BMI 374 (Wexford BMI Registrations Jan 1962) Fordson Major tractor registrations.


BMI 663, a man I know well told me that he bought this Fordson Major from Dick and he always remembered the registration, this one had curtains alongside the engine back to the canvas cab called a heater CAB but he told me there was a problem with this this because you would get black from the exhaust fumes  

FORDSON Super Major BMI 58 (Wexford BMI Registrations Jan 1962)

Fordson Major ZR 9485 could be a 1950’s Reg, ZR Wexford Reg began June 1952 and ended May 1961

Bedford and Ford

FORDSON Super Major BMI 58

Fordson Major ZR 9485

Bedford and Ford

Volkswagen and Triumph Herald

13-Jul-63              Harry and Billy setting up 4 wheel-drive tractor                                                  two Priestman cubs and a Wolf dragline


20-Nov-63           Dick bought new tractor £ 2,100                and traded in old one it’s now costing?                 

26-Nov-63           Harry Bushe working on big County tractor

around 1965 or ’66 we were doing land reclamation work in Waterford for David Kent, and I think it was after him we did reclamation work for Major Carew in Waterford.

I remember Major Carew’s very well, as it was like our first camping working holiday, when Dick got the idea of driving the VW Beetle from a loading ramp in our farmyard into an old ESB lorry, he had also converted some old bread lorries into caravans for staying over on the jobs which were far away, he even bought an old grey ambulance to convert into a caravan to tow behind a tractor. When we arrived at major Carew’s he took out the VW car and it was a very enjoyable stay apart from discovering the roof of the old ESB Lorry wasn’t fully waterproof, when we realized some of our sleeping bags were a little wet from some water that leaked in, but overall, it was very enjoyable around the campfire in the evening and a nice wooded area nearby the field we were in, it was quite something hearing a Vixen scream for the first time. Jim Byrne was on that particular job operating the JCB excavator opening the drains and some of the other men were laying the pipes as far as I remember. I enjoyed it so well I decided when taking our young fellows on the first camping holiday to France, I decided to book the TGV Train journey as well from the Airport in Paris to NANTES, and then drove to the Campsite in St. Julien, to give them a sense of adventure, after thinking about the adventure I enjoyed going to Waterford with my two younger brothers in the old ESB lorry. This may have been around 1966 or 1967.

Dick took on the preparation of the site for the new Ferrybank 100-bedroom hotel, around the end of 1967 or early ‘68 which PJ Hegarty contractor constructed for the Breen family in Waterford and later Jury’s hotels took it on afterwards.

13- Nov 1967 advert: Track type Poclain Excavators ideal for mucky building sites

Dick Fanning, Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford Phone Arklow 7122 and 7101

20 April 1968 Wanted CAT D 8 Bulldozer driver for work in Mullingar area must be fully experienced in land reclamation work, state full experience, and rates first letter. Dick Fanning Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford

The Westmeath Examiner 22- June 1968 Bulldozer driver wanted for two months work in Mullingar/ Kilbeggan area; must be experienced in land reclamation; apply Dick Fanning, Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford. phone Arklow 7122 or contact John Tighe, Castletown Geoghegan.

Johnny Tighe had been operating the Poclain Excavators up in this area a lot and Tom Colgan was there for quite a while Deepening a river for a stretch of about six miles.

Another good friend of mine remarked that the late Tom Colgan could clean your boots with the dragline, and when I thought about it, he really was right. They did quite a lot of work for a man called   Louis Vambeck in Mullingar.

Dick also had a CASE hydrostatic drive bulldozer around this time some of the men told me, which was quite useful as you could angle or tilt the blade a little like the modern CAT D5

12th September 1967 Advert: For Sale 5 Acres of onions on the field, Dick Fanning Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford. Phone Arklow 7122 or 7101, (we used a phone with a wind-up handle before this stage to ring the local exchange in Inch to be put through to the desired number, which would have been before ’67 when the number was Inch 22.) The late Miley Bushe planted them with Paddy Kirwan’s planter, which was set for 28 inches, so Miley had to drive between to split them to get 14-inch drills. John Maher told me the drills were as straight as a die, my brother Fintan remembered our uncle John organizing it for him, one of my aunts remembers it well too, I didn’t think it was quite fifty years ago, in fact, if I were to go to the betting office to bet on the year, I would have chosen ’69 or 1970 as the year.


Dick has an Advert in the Independent newspaper 16- March-1968 CAT D8, D7 D6 and D 4 looking for a Priestman dragline driver must be experienced in land reclamation  he seems to have acquired the excavators and Priestman draglines very soon after using the Dragline on the North Slob and in the Arklow Brook pottery, and using the dragline in Mullingar with a Poclain Excavator TC 45 Model during the early to mid-sixties and using the JCB Excavators such as a 6C and some of the men tell me a 6 D followed as replacement. And was doing a lot of land drainage and reclamation in Waterford during the sixties buying four Ford 5000 tractors from Murphy’s Motors, Glenmore one of the men remembers taking delivery of three of the four new Ford 5000’s with rotavators one day with three consecutive registration GMI numbers GMI — which would have been 1965and waiting on delivery of the fourth one a few weeks later, which may have been his brother Joe’s. I remember my uncle Paddy had a black FORD Corsair car with a HMI Reg, during 1973, which he would have bought new between July 1965 and early’66. Dick began to evolve the business naturally into Earthmoving after they did the site in 1967-’68 for the now abandoned Ard Ri hotel in Waterford and then on to the construction of the Turlough Hill Hydro Electric scheme providing plenty of work for earth moving machinery, and things had already really begun to progress after the Arklow Fertilizer factory opened in 1965, and Dick had an Advert in the paper 30th June 1967 for a Priestman Tiger Crane for hire. Joe Doyle told me that one day they were coming home from a job in Waterford with Dick and he mentioned to them that he didn’t know if there would be much work for them when they got back home. I suspect this would have been the late 1960’s before Turlough hill started in 1968/’69 and Joe told me things just seemed to get better and better all the time after they arrived back.

13 December 1967 Dick has an Advert in the Irish Independent Dismantling early type D6 Bulldozer all parts for sale, reasonable. Dick Fanning, Ahullen, Phone Arklow 7122. It is very likely this may have been the first one he had with the cable lift blade, instead of hydraulic Rams for lifting the blade.

27 June 1968 Dicks Advert: For Sale, CAT D 7, in good working order Dick Fanning Ahullen This D7 would have had a winch attached for pulling a huge big single furrow drainage plough which could open a drain for laying 3inch clay pipes as long as the ground wasn’t stony, and I would think he used it very little after this, even though the plough remained in Ahullen until I sold it for scrap in 1989. I would think this was the same one as the Geith drainage plough in the, for sale in the 3rd July ’62 advert, and one of the men remembers a new CAT D6 Pulling the Geith drainage plough in Madam Morchoe’s, St. Austin’s, Coolgreany. During the 1960’s they were using tipper trailers converted from old lorry bodies, and Harry Bushe, who was really the engineer had made up chutes for the ends of the trailers to divert the gravel when they were partly tipped up to guide the gravel into the drains. Johnny Mc Carthy would have been sent up to Jackie Regan’s in the early stages with a Fordson super major and low-loader to go on up by the canal in Dublin up as far as the Nass Road to collect them, and probably the red Leyland Beaver and Octopus were most likely bought from Jackie Regan or Harris. Jackie Regan 6 Nov 1970 Irish Press

Contact Dick Fanning Ahullen Inch Phone Arklow 7122, after this,

25th September 1969 Advert Wanted Experienced Driver for Oleomat excavator to dig water mains, Mooncoin/Waterford area, Apply Richard Fanning Ahullen, Inch, Co. Wexford

Turlough Hill started around 1969, and we were working for Public Works, (the Irish contractor and Buscher (the German contractor), Shortly after starting on Turlough Hill 19th September 1969 Photo of Peter Buscher GmbH, Munster, Germany signing the contract in 1969.  with a couple of men from ESSEN Germany and photo, a joint venture with ASCON who were assisted by Hugo Flynn’s Public Works supplying the Euclid R45’s and Buscher had the huge CAT 992 with it’s 11 cubic yard bucket. some photos of the large crushing plant in the Independent newspaper 19th May 1970 crushing stone for the embankment of the new reservoir where Paddy Kavanagh had to keep the stone pushed up to or away from it with the CAT D 6. The Canadian company Discovery mines took on Avoca Mines in 1970 and both the N.E.T. Fertilizer factory and the Avoca Mines would support each other with the NET Fertilizer factory taking 80,000 tons of Pyrites and began Pile driving on the site reserved in the middle of the factory for the Pyrite Roaster Plant, thus avoiding importing 3,000 tons of Sulphur and would export the cinders residue to a Dutch company. Irish Independent 31 Jan 1970: New CAT D 8 Bulldozer with Ripper for hire. Dick Fanning. Phone Arklow 7122


All Types for hire hourly or contract rate – Estimates Free Drainage and landscaping by Contract

Machines presently working in Balltinglass, Carnew& Bray areas. Philip Ivanoff has an advert in the same week for JCB 6C’s and 3C’s. Joe Doyle told me that Dick often wouldn’t have something great up front meaning the tractor unit pulling the low-loader, compared to some of his opposition, but he always had something good coming behind, He gave me a few examples of this, and one, in particular, being the Austin Mastiff shifting the D8 from the Carnew road coming down through Gorey and he had arranged with Joe to lower the blade of the bulldozer down on the wheels if the Mastiff tractor unit wasn’t fit to hold back the load when making the turn right coming down the main street, for the Ballycanew road. Paddy Kavanagh told me too that the Mastiff was way Too light when you added the weight of a proper CAT Parallel ripper fitted to the D8, and the Mastiff had got a slight twist in the chassis after it. I wondered why I had only seen the white Mastiff for a short period, which I think would have been after the Octopus as it was really the AEC Mandator, I could remember in the early ‘70’s  Dick and the men took on the job of constructing the new back-road from the “Beech road” into the NET factory in 1970 to facilitate trucking in the Pyrite from Avoca and to enable the Cinders residue from the Pyrite Roaster to be trucked out to a storage area at the Roadstone jetty for shipping and the new road made it possible to avoid going through the town of Arklow with the cinders to the Roadstone jetty. Dick had what appeared to be a rather bizarre idea at first around May to June 1970 when he used this little CAT D 4 (appears to be an early to mid-1950s model)to load the tractors and trailers, and past the Kilbride Graveyard Pyramid, where he used the CAT D 8 with its rock ripper to cut out a channel just below where they were ripping out the shale rock on a bank to drive the lorries and tractors and trailers into. They had already constructed the part at the front of the factory for the railway before this, which I hadn’t been aware of until J. Maher and Hughie Mc Carthy told me. Dick used some railway irons from the front of the factory to create a ledge or shelf over the lorries and trailers and even though the CAT D4 was small, but due to the fact it was pushing the loose shale pushed out by the D 8 downhill  over the shelf  into the lorries was very fast loading, although the channel had to be cleaned out every so often from the spillages, I can remember one of the men in the small yellow single axle Dodge lorry saying to another man, you’d want arms like an elephant to steer this one, but you could see these young men around eighteen or so and in their twenties were really enjoying it, Those old lorries like the red Beaver were very slow tipping up their loads compared to the new Terex’s that came in the following year or so. This would have made a very amusing piece to video with a drone, had one been available at the time. A trip over to Japan for EXPO ‘70 in 1970 by some of the machinery suppliers like Tracell the Agents  for the Japanese Komatsu Blackwood Hodge who supplied JCB and TEREX machines, and Sam Mc Cormick Ltd. who supplied CAT bulldozers, Loaders, scrapers and road graders other construction companies or Tyre companies. In Feb1970 Dick bought 5 acres with a gravel pit at auction from Albert Young.  and he and Sissi began construction of the new house that Caroline and I live in with our family. In 1971 Sissi bought the Kilmurry farm from Patrick Byrne, which suited well as Dick already owned the twenty acres adjoining it in Kilmichael. Dick had purchased Two CAT 627 Tandem engine motor scrapers for stripping the overburden up on Cronebane to reveal the Orebody and stripping began in March 1971 on some of the virgin ground, in 1972 Dick bought 70 acres at Clogga, Arklow. Construction of the mine’s tailings Dam began in 1972. I can remember a few heated discussions and arguments after Mr Leo Laithti the engineer from Golder Brawner put in a request for four or five scrapers and this drew quite a reaction from Dick before a compromise was reached, and when Chris Doyle mentioned to me that Leo Lahti didn’t want to see the lorries coming, as they would have been too slow. Even though it was through the eyes of a fourteen-year-old it was obvious that Leo was a man who strived for as close as he could get to 100% efficiency and to achieve a high enough work rate to shift the required amount of material and compact the layers properly for a secure Dam, it was agreed to do twelve-hour shifts, seven days a week for eight or nine weeks at a time. John Maher told me they put on a show to demonstrate how much they could do by the hour, but he told me they got caught out when Leo insisted on time clocks being installed in the two scrapers. Some of the men were highly amused after a meeting when Sonny Tighe announced that he didn’t do Sundays, and Dick snapped back well you needn’t come in here on Monday morning if that is the case, but they were even more amused when Sonny didn’t arrive in on Monday morning but came in on Tuesday morning and because help was scarce nothing much was said, and from what I can gather Sonny avoided doing Sundays. Chris told me the Guy Lorry was a Guy Warrior and as soon as he said Leo didn’t want to see any lorries, I knew exactly what he meant and it also conjured up an amusing image in my mind of these warriors coming up over the horizon onto the Dam. construction. The men were working very hard and I think they really enjoyed working as a team and I think everyone respected Leo’s ability and his know-how. Tom Colgan as far as I can remember had been stockpiling washed gravel from the river with the Priestman Lion dragline in a stockpile, which was used and placed in a trench about four feet wide in the centre of the dam, Clay was mostly used in the outer part of the dam and tailings when it was dried out was used as the inner layer of the dam. Leo insisted that the Duomat vibrating roller was used to compact the layers, I think he liked the scrapers from the point of view that they were unloading in thin layers and driving over it and compacting it, he also had the dumpers as far as I can remember travelling over the loads that were tipped when levelled by the bulldozer in layers also. The CAT 950, Cat 112 road grader came brand new to this job also a new Richier H17 Excavator, which was most likely traded for the newer FORD H45 after FORD took over Richier completely in 1974 from the previous 80% controlling interest they had of the company,  and Johnny Tighe became good on the road grader and ensured the haul roads were well maintained that the dumpers and scrapers could travel quickly. Hughie Mc Carthy told me Leo used to make sure the dumpers were parked in the correct positions for loading and had him timed to load each dumper in the shortest amount of time possible. It appeared to me as if it were some kind of Olympic event taking place with the different groups of machines, some loading and drawing gravel up from the river the scrapers taking clay from over at the wood and Hughie loading tailings into the Terex’s and a hired in VOLVO Dumper from Clonmel, Leo must have conceded to a Ford lorry being used to draw gravel up from the river apart from the TEREX dumpers  which were hauling clay and Tailings, The clay or shale was most likely  used on the inside as far as I can remember and a three or four feet wide trench was dug out between to place the clean gravel in  as a man by the name of Armstrong happen to let the Ford tandem axle lorry slip into the river when reversing into the digger and misjudged the roadway where the excavator had been digging at the side of while loading, the lads were telling me he had to get out of the window and stand up on one corner of the body, and fortunately he was okay. Even though Leo was demanding a very high work rate everyone had to admire the way he brought everything together and had them all working in harmony to build a bombproof Dam, Leo was well able to coordinate the different groups of machines and have them working to maximise efficiency. A couple of years ago, I was chatting to Joe about the famous incident where he tied the steering wheel of the scraper to get it to go around in a circle to see if he could get an extra ten minutes on a tea break on one of the twelve-hour days, but it didn’t quite work, and Joe was telling me that Leo remarked sometime afterwards possibly a year later or so when talking to Dick that these Cat scrapers could even be seen working on their own at times.

1972 I came across this advert: for Jimmy Smullen’s New JET petrol filling station in the Wicklow 6th October ‘72 People, and it instantly brought back memories of Dick and the men using a large water pump with a three inch pipe pumping water from the river, it was only after having some of the men over one evening a few months after my dad Dick passed on in December’01,     including Johnny Mc Carthy who sadly passed on in May 2002 , and hearing about some of the funny incidents that happened through the years. I remembered them preparing the site and digging out the space for the oil tank really well, but it was only when Paddy Kavanagh told us Dick sent him to go and get a couple of trowels for the wall they were building, and they weren’t aware there were two different types, when asked which type they wanted, and described coming in to the site the following morning and finding the wall had collapsed, and learning one can only build eight blocks high or so per day. It was only after this and talking to John Maher afterwards, that I learned the reason for the water pump was because Dick though the weight of the excavator bucket pressing down on the tank would be sufficient to hold the tank down while they were pouring in the concrete, but unfortunately as soon as they began the pour the tank started to rise, and they had to pump water straight from the river in to the tank to keep it down.  There were a couple of other amusing incidents related to this job also. There were around three CAT D8S’ in the early 70’s with Turlough Hill going strong up until the end of ’72 and doing a lot of work for Roadstone, the Mines, etc.  because the D8s’ were giving some trouble breaking the track links, and one of them gave a lot of trouble with the hydraulics, although Paddy Kavanagh told me after that Harry Bushe, actually discovered a problem with a valve afterwards, but as it happened, Dick had started buying the new Komatsu 155s’ from 1973 a comparable machine to the D8, and possibly at a keen price.


There was a piece in The Wicklow People 29-September 1972, around the time, just before the time we moved into Avoca, about the 56 American tourists from Avoca to Avoca:

It was a case of from Avoca to Avoca for fifty-six American visitors on a two-week holiday tour of Ireland. the visitors, all of whom have Irish lineage, came from Avoca in Pennsylvania U.S.A., and the focal point of their Irish tour was a visit to picturesque Avoca in Wicklow at the Weekend. With the trip organised by Avoca Tours of America, it was truly a meeting of the Avoca’s at Thomas Moore’s celebrated, and the visitors have been so pleased with the Irish hospitality and the scenic beauty that they intend making this an annual event. Said Mr. Joseph Hannon: “The hospitality shown to us has been wonderful and the scenery has been wonderful. You will be seeing a lot more of us as we are hoping to make this trip an annual event.” From such trips may spring some form of association between two Avoca’s. It would be a wonderful idea was the feeling expressed by Joe….

I wonder does anyone have any memory of it all those years ago, or has there ever been any connection between the Avoca in Pennsylvania and the one here since?

Around 1972 to ’73 We did a job preparing a site for Tern houses up on Wicklow heights, Wicklow town, and used the Cat 627 Motor Scrapers. This was most likely before constructing the new road for Priority Drilling in Navan.

The lads tell me this 1970 Guy Lorry in the ’72 Advert turned over with John Poole going in the Beech Road to Arklow, possibly with Copper ore in Dec’70,or early ’71 to get enough Copper into the Roadstone jetty for the first shipment, the lads had to work hard trying to clean it up off the road and at the same time not contaminate it , and it reminded me one day during 1975 I was loading gravel into a dumper near the Whitebridge in Avoca and trying to copy the two guys with Paddy Merriman’s 988’s in England  and I let the CAT 930 loader lift to full height to click out automatically and steered very quickly when reversing back to go forward in the typical V-shaped loading pattern, when the machine began to overturn with the bucket fully raised causing the centre of gravity to be too high and fortunately the machine remained perfectly balanced on two wheels without going over, until I counter-steered it and instantly lowered the bucket. John did most of the CAT D 8 work on Turlough Hill and told me of a few very funny incidents up there at that time. We were doing site work for Crosspan, Dunbur, Wicklow, and in Kilpoole around 1974 Developments in Wicklow around these years also. At the end of 1972, we went over to Wales or England to see a contractor using Magirus Deutz dumpers six-wheel drive and avoiding penalties from penalty clauses for delays in finishing the contract on time, with a view of using them to climb up out of the Cronebane open pit in the Avoca Mines, which we went ahead with after it. The first CAT 930 arrived not long after the CAT 944,as the 944 spent nearly all of its time down in the tunnel and the TEREX 72-21 loader with its noisy GM Two-stroke diesel which I think was a used machine was bought around 1972 or early ’73 . I used to load top soil from Young’s gravel pit for the Golf links in Arklow


I could remember moving the flaps on the Late Michael Slazenger’s plane, which I am fairly sure was parked outside the house here about July or August 1974 while we were doing the levels for the new Airstrip, we were constructing with the Engineer Jim Byrne in 1974.

  We went over to England to see Paddy Merriman’s two CAT 988S’ loading CAT 769 dumpers before the two CAT Scrapers were sold or traded in for the two CAT 769 Dumpers around 1974/75.  The CAT Dumpers and the CAT D9 were bought more so with Tara Mines in mind. Steve Youngs photo of the CAT 988

I had taken a video of this 769B on its back with a Canon super 8, which was lost, but thanks to Stephen Young, who had taken this photo. Joe Doyle told me the amusing story attached to this where Sissi or Patricia   sent a note over to Jim Redmond for Dick: Dick says tell Jim to push one load in front of the other, this was probably with the little ninety horsepower Komatsu bulldozer, and Jim sends the note back with his amusing reply :  tell Dick She can hardly push one load let alone  two

The CAT 955L track loader was bought around the 1974 or 1975 period. There were three to four CAT 920’S and 930’s including the CAT 920 used on the farm, after it was used a good lot in the NET factory or mines first.

A group photo Dick & Sissi   D Saunders with the CAT 992 B in Aurora, Illinois, USA.

Roadstone Arklow had a Poclain HC 300 Excavator with a Deutz V 12 engine, with an operating weight of 47.5 to 53 tonnes. Possibly around 1974 or 1975, 1976

It had very high-pressure hydraulics and ran around 5,000 PSI, Poclain was one of the very first to use high pressure hydraulics when most others ran at 2500 Psi. during the 1960s and early 1970s.    The Arklow quarry had some problems with it.

Looking at the photos of the Poclain 350 in the late 1980s on the Roadstone memories page a far superior heavier machine with the modern smooth lines and curves, and the HC 300 looks slightly ugly in comparison. I may have been wrong about   the HC 300; it was just too far back to remember, and they changed over to a Hitachi the next time. We had the first Cat 225 Excavator possibly around 1975, and then afterwards a CAT 215 and a CAT 235,195 Hp with an operating weight of up to 38 tonnes which was mainly used for mainly loading blasted ore rock.

The1862 Indenture Lease Document Between Matthew Forde Beauman and Michael Fanning Senior Ahullen, Mike’s grandfather. Mikes grandfather who was married to Margaret Fogarty.This Indenture 1862

This Indenture made the Seventeenth Day of December in the year of our Lord One thousand Eight hundred and sixty-two between Mathew Forde Beauman of Hyde Park in the County of Wexford Esquire the one part and Michael Fanning Senior of Ahullen in said County farmer.

Of the other Part Witnesseth that the said between Mathew Forde Beauman

For and in consideration of the yearly rent, Reservations, Covenants and Agreements herein after reserved, mentioned, and expressed hath_______ demised, granted, set, and to farm-let and by these presents doth __ demise, grant, set, and to farm-let, unto the said Michael Fanning Senior

 his Heirs Executors Administrators and assigns (if he or they shall be permitted to assign.)

All that and Those part of the Lands of Ahullen containing forty-six acres Irish Valuation measure more or less now in the possession of the said Michael Fanning Senior situate and now being in the Barony of Gorey and County of Wexford

Excepting to the Said Mathew Forde Beauman his heirs and assigns all timber and other trees whatsoever all mined minerals and sand clay quarried of lime and other stone and other royalties of that nature or kind with full and Liberty for him and them and his and their servants with full and fleet work their Cars Carts and carry away all timber and except fruit trees.

2nd Page

Yielding and Paying therefore and thereout Yearly and every Year during the Continuance of this Demise unto the said Mathew Forde Beauman —- Heirs or Assigns the yearly Rent or Sum of Forty pounds-

The same to be paid by two even half-yearly, Payments, (that is to say,) on every twenty ninth day of March and twenty ninth day of September – clear Rent, over and above all Taxes, Charges, Assessments, and Payments whatsoever, ordinary or extraordinary, charged to be charged on the said demised Premises or any part thereof, by Act of Parliament or otherwise howsoever (Quit-rent and Crown-rent and Landlords proportion of Poor’s tax and Income tax only excepted,) the first payment thereof to be made on the twenty-fifth – day of March next ensuing the Date of these Presents. And if it shall happen that the said reserved yearly Rent or any Part thereof shall be in arrear or unpaid for or by the space of Twenty-one Days next after either of the said Days whereon the same ought to be paid as aforesaid, that then and as often as it shall so happen it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Mathew Forde Beauman — Heirs and Assigns, into the said  demised Premises or any part thereof,  to enter and distrain, and the Distress and Distresses  and there found to take, lead, drive and carry away, and the same to dispose of according to Law, for satisfaction of the said Rent and all arrears thereof, and Costs of distraining  for the same :  And for Want of sufficient Distress or Distresses on the said demised Premises to be had taken into the same Premises or any Part thereof in the name of the whole to re-enter and the same to have again, re-possess and enjoy, as in his — or their former Estate, anything herein contained to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding. And the said —- Michael Fanning Senior —- Doth hereby for himself his – Heirs, Executors, Administrators   and Assigns, covenant, promise, and agree to and with the said Mathew Forde Beauman his — Heirs and Assigns , in Manner following, ( that is to say, ) that he  the said Michael Fanning  ) senior ( Mike’s grandfather who would have been47 years old heirs—Heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assigns, shall and will from Time to Time and at all Times during the Continuance of this Demise, well and truly pay, or cause to be paid, unto the said  Mathew Forde Beauman his —– Heirs, or Assigns, the said reserved  yearly rent of forty pounds sterling  on the Days and Times herein before appointed for the payment thereof as aforesaid, clear and over and above all  and all  Manner of Taxes as aforesaid.  AND also, shall and will from Time to Time and all Times during the Continuance  of this Demise, well and sufficiently preserve, uphold, maintain, repair and keep the said Demised Premises, and all Houses, Edifices, Buildings, Trees, Fences,  Hedges, Ditches, Plantations, Inclosures and Improvements whatsoever,  made or to be made  thereon, in good, sufficient  and tenantable Order, Repair, and Condition :AND at the End of the said Term or other sooner Determination  of this Demise , which shall first happen, shall and will so leave and yield up the quiet peaceable procession thereof  unto the said Mathew Forde Beauman his Heirs or Assigns, in like good and sufficient tenantable Order, Repair and Condition. And the said Michael Fanning Senior Doth hereby for himself his Heirs Executors and Assigns and administrators and Assigns if he or they shall be permitted to assign, Covenant promise and agree to and with the said Mathew Forde Beauman his heirs or Assigns, or such other person or persons who for the time

To have and to hold are and singular  the said  demised premises with the Appurtenances onto the said Michael Fanning Senior his Executors Administrators and Assigns (if permitted to assign,) for and during the life and lives of John Fanning now aged about five years and James Fanning now aged about fourteen years both sons of Lessor for and during the Term two lives and space of twenty one years whichever should last the longer.

The Fair rent document. Signed  4th December

Land Law (Ireland) Act.1881.

Order fixing Fair Rent

Landlord Miss E Beauman

Tennant Michael Fanning

County of Wexford

Record No. 367

The Tennant having duly served an Originating Notice of an application to the Land Commission for an order fixing the Fair Rent to be paid for the holding therein mentioned, the description of which holding, as stated in such Notice, is contained in the Schedule endorsed hereon.

WE, the undersigned, forming, a sub-Commission, after hearing the parties and having regard to the interest of the Landlord and Tennant, respectively and considering all the circumstances of the case, holding, and district. Do Hereby Fix and Determine that the fair rent of the said holding is the annual sum of Twenty three Pounds stg £23

Rear side Knocklahaun 50 acres and Poor Law Valuation £20,10sh. Signed 4th December 1882

Her father had died December 1872, ten years after he and Michael Fanning Senior signed the 1862 Lease on the Indenture.

The Fair Rent Appeal Document

County Wexford Record No.4854

Tennant Michael Fanning

Landlords Ellen Beauman, Jane Emily Beauman, Anne Margaret Beauman, Colonel John Hore, Harriet Hore his wife.

Before Mr justice Bewley, Mr Col Fitzgerald Q L Mr Lynch

Friday 19th Day of March 1897

Whereas by Notice the hearing date the 3rd day of June 1896

he Tennant herein required this case to be heard before three Commissioners sitting together. And Whereas the said case come on for such rehearing at Wexford upon 18th inst. And for judgement upon this day Whereupon and upon reading the Originating Notice, the Order of the Sub-commission made thereon, and the aforesaid Notice of Application for a Rehearing,

upon hearing what was offered on behalf of the landlord and Tenant respectively

It is Ordered that the Order of the Sub-Commission to be varied in the manner following that is to say: that the Fair Rent of the Tennant’s holding be fixed at the annual sum of Thirty three pounds Sterling

And it is Ordered that in all other respects the Order of the Sub-Commission do stand affirmed.

And it is further Ordered that the parties respectively do abide their own costs of this Rehearing.Lease Court of Appeal 19- March 1897

Bridie whose aunt was Mike’s mother died on childbirth 1899, the baby lived, but only for about a month or so from what what she remembered, some of the relations had helped. Bridie had kept all the documents   such as Fair Rent documents that Mike had kept along with letters and the Vaccination Certs that he had kept for himself and his siblings when they were a couple of for a few months old. She always had a Portrait of Charles Stuart Parnell hanging up in the house and told me her father was a great believer in him, just as such much of the old people were at the time. He was a very skillful peaceful politician.

my father Dick’s grandfather P.J. and his wife Caroline

Driving accident near Limbrick February 1905 the ECHO newspaper

Returning from Gorey on Wednesday, Mrs P Fanning, Ahullen met with a rather serious accident.

She was driving in a trap with Mr John Boland, Pallas, and at the foot of Limbrick Hill, the animal shied at something on the roadside, with the result that the trap collided with the opposite fence and overturned. Both the occupants were thrown out, but while Mr Boland happily escaped uninjured. Mrs Fanning sustained serious to one of her ankles, which it is reported was dislocated. Dr Murphy, Coolgreany, was soon in attendance and under his care the lady is progressing. Much sympathy is felt with the lady.

P.J. himself was in another accident, five years later

P.J. Fanning Accident Monday evening 19th December 1910 reported in the New Ross Standard December 23, 1910

Accident to Mr P.J. Fanning,


His many friends will regret to hear that Mr P.J. Fanning, J.P., M.C.C., Ahullen, Kilanerin is at present confined to bed as a result of a very serious accident, which happened on Monday evening. Mr Fanning had been in Gorey on that day attending a meeting of the Gorey and Coolgreany Old Age Pension Sub-Committee, and started for home that evening about seven O’ clock, pm. He had reached almost to his own house when the pony, which he was driving, suddenly shied at some object. Taken unaware, Mr. Fanning was pitched out and fell heavily on the road, his leg being broken by the impact. Assistance was quickly at hand, and Mr. Fanning was carried home. The Services of Dr. W. W. Murphy were immediately requisitioned and this gentleman at once proceeded to Mr Fanning’s residence, where he treated him for his injuries, which were to be of a serious character. He is however, progressing as favourably as can be expected under the circumstances.,

FREE PRESS , Saturday 30 November 1912

Wexford’s new bridge  Ferrycarrig completed

A number of members of the Council  drove out in a brake, and crossing the bridge parted an orange and green ribbon which was stretched  across the roadway.

Amongst those present  were Mr John Bolger, J.P;  Chairman of Wexford Co. Council; Mr P.J. Fanning, Mr Patrick O’Neill…..etc.

There was an interesting and amusing piece  in the same paper also in August regarding “foot and Mouth ” disease restrictions  where they had been breached at the time, and a couple of farmers  had been prosecuted:


Free Press Wexford 1912

David Fowler a farmer residing at Kish near Arklow was prosecuted by district inspector O’Neill for a breach of the Foot and Mouth disease order, by having three head of cattle moved from the prohibited district into the County Wexford. Mr Boland, Hollyfort, Gorey was also charged with having received the cattle, knowing them to have come the district prohibited in the schedule for Mid-Leinster.

District inspector said that the two defendants, who were farmers, lived on the borders the two counties, and the Foot and Mouth Order prevented any cattle being transferred from the prohibited  area.

A boy named Thomas Byrne stated in reply to the district inspector O’Neill he knew where both Mr Fowler and Mr Boland lived . on the 16th of  July he drove home Boland’s cattle. They had been at grass on Fowler’s land. Constable Treacy, Coolgreany stated that he personally cautioned Boland about the 4th of July, not to remove any of his cattle from the Co. Wicklow into the Co. Wexford it was against the Order. He saw the cattle after this date in Fowler’s field, where they were at grass. There were two heifers and a springer District inspector O’Neill -I should have asked the boy a question. May I recall him?

Chairman- Certainly, District inspector- what kind of cattle were they? Byrne-they had white tails, sir. (Laughter)

District inspector- Oh it is not that I mean; that were they, bullocks or heifers or what? Byrne- there were two heifers and a cow. David Fowler, one of the defendants stated that the cattle galloped  out on the road from the gad fly, and then wandered  home along the road. They went away out of his sight, and he sent the boy Byrne to tell Mr Boland about them


August 1912 Stephen Cuthbert, Cloneranny, Inch prosecuted under the same Order for moving a cow from Arklow into the Co. Wexford

Mrs Rynhart deposed that she lived in Kilmichael, and on the 3rd of July she went to Arklow with Mr Cuthbert. When she got there, she parted company with him, and did not see him again until she was returning home. He had then a cow with him. He bought this cow on an auction held in Arklow by Quinn

David Fowler

Sergeant Collopy stated that he went to Cuthbert’s place at Cloneranny and saw the cow there on August 5th. He spoke to the defendant about the matter, and he informed him that he bought the cow on an auction in Arklow who days previously. He made no concealment of the facts, said he did not understand anything about the restrictions. Defendant-I didn’t know anything about it when I was buying the cow on the auction.

District Inspector-the auctioneer point out at the auction that there were restrictions on the County? Defendant- No he did not. I never heard one word about it. District Inspector- well. I must look into this. Don’t you remember speaking to me on the road that evening?

Defendant- I do. Chairman- where was the auction held? Defendant- In the town of Arklow. Chairman- Was it held in a field or a house?  Defendant- It was in a field.


Chairman- I understood that everyone was warned  to that effect by the Auctioneer.

Mr Quinn- Then would not that order practically stop the auction altogether?

Chairman At all events, according to the terms of the Order, the cattle could not be moved out of the field, which practically amounts to the same thing.

Mr O’Neill, D  J – That does not, however, condone this man’s offences.

Chairman-I cannot understand how the police in Arklow allowed the cattle leave the field.

Capt. Perry- And I presume there must have been police present at the auction. Defendant- Yes there were police in the town that day.

Capt. Perry- Are the restrictions of the Order off this County?

Chairman- This County is free and has not been scheduled at all.

Capt. Perry-This seems only a technical offence, and I would let him off with a fine of 6d. and costs. This man come from an unrestricted area, and was very likely in ignorance of the restrictions on the scheduled area,

The Bench unanimously decided to fine the defendant of 6d. and costs


P.J.’s first wife here who was a good deal older than him  died 24-November-1914  aged 62 years  from stomach cancer I think. He married a much younger woman the second time in February, 2015 and his son Pat married Lizzie Farrell in November the same year, P.J.  married a much younger woman the second time in February 2015, and his son Pat married Lizzie Farrell in November the same year 2015.

A piece from one of the Papers 27-November 1915  Re: my father Dick’s parents  getting married:

Mr Patrick Fanning and Miss Lizzie Farrell, A pretty and interesting wedding took place at St. Michael’s church, Gorey, on Wednesday morning, when Mr. Patrick Fanning, son of Mr. P J. Fanning, Ahullen, Kilanerin and Miss Lizzie Farrell, only daughter of the late Mr. John Farrell, Cullenogue, Inch were joined in matrimony. The ceremony was performed by Rev T. Cleary, C.C. The bride who, looked very pretty in a Saxe blue costume, with hat to match, was attended as bridesmaid by Miss B. Fanning while the bridegroom had as best man Mr. J.J. Fanning. After the ceremony the happy pair motored to Dublin, where the honeymoon is being spent. Both bride and bridegroom were the recipients of numerous presents, written in an amusing way.


My parents bought 545 acres Ballinakill , Rathdrum, with a good deal of waste or scrub round, 23-October-1973 at auction from the widow of the late doctor Fyans. one of the first sales for this farm  appears to be 1893.

 1893 Irish Independent 17-January-1893


 Houses and Lands County Wicklow

Sale of large farm with excellent Dwelling house & out offices

Ballinakill containing 333 Irish Acres, (536 Statute acres approx.). near Rathdrum, property of Mrs. Lawrenson

Executive sale Ballinakill, Rathdrum, Co. Wicklow, held from right Hon Earl of Fitzwilliam, at £160 a year. Valuation £177 15s

Edward O’Sullivan is full owner by 21st July-1900

For Sale by W. H Saunders, Auctioneer, Rathdrum 9247

Wicklow News 14-Feb-1914 Dockrell Sons& Co.,

Auctioneers &Valuers,

South St. George’s St, Dublin

Recent Sales Co. Wicklow:

… Templelyon, Redcross, and Ballinakill, Rathdrum, Tim Mulcahy bought Ballinakill in 1914

Irish Independent 24th of March 1933 test for Fordson tractor on Tim Mulcahy’s, Ballinakill

Auto cars (Ireland) Ltd. Dublin, Fordson main dealers, demonstrated the abilities of the Fordson tractor under exceptional difficulties on the farm of Mr. T. Mulcahy, Ballinakill, Rathdrum. The Fordson  incorporating the very latest type, with air cleaner and fully protected driving seat, was yoked to a Ransome R.S. LD. 2-furrow standard plough, and the task set it was to break up the rough, stony, scrubby reclaimed hillsides. Tim Mulcahy had the answer for stones with his stone crusher, this may be why one field was known as  or called the Quarry Field.

In the afternoon a still harder test was given the machine on an adjoining scrub hill. Mr. G. P. Eley, sales manager of Autocars and Mr J. H Cathcart, representative of Ransomes, witnessed a particularly efficient demonstration on the part both of tractor and plough.  They got through their work steadily, satisfactorily and rapidly.

Tim Mulcahy appears to have originated from Co. Clare, after reading the piece related to his sister Mary’ burial in Rathnew.

Tim Mulcahy’s sister Miss Mary Mulcahy buried 23-December 1937

1937 The Funeral of Miss Mary Mulcahy, sister of Mr T. Mulcahy, Ballinakill House, Rathdrum, took place to Rathnew Cemetery. Miss Mulcahy was a native of Ogonello, Co. Clare.

Co. Wicklow committee of agriculture, on the motion of passed a vote of sympathy with Mr Mulcahy

1948 Doctor Thomas Fyans takes over Ballinakill, I think he was related to Tim Mulcahy

There was quite a lot of land reclamation and drainage required on the Ballinakill farm, but was nearly all in ley, and early 1974 providing an ideal opportunity for planting a lot of wheat with my uncle Joe and neighbouring farmers doing it at the beginning. There were three FORD 5000 tractors bought around February March 1974 one on 18.4 x30 tyres and two on 16.9×34 tyres one of the Registrations YNI 223, and one of the three had no power steering and from 1975 the JCB 7B was used to open up new drains and Richie Kenny organized some of the scrub to be cut up for firewood by some men he knew, and then we could clean up the area after with the CAT D 6.The FORD 7000 and County 1164 tractors followed shortly after the three 5000 tractors; the County was quite useful for land reclamation bring in pipes on a stone fork etc. and useful and reliable for the tillage work I can remember going up one evening after school to try out the first new FORD 9600 and six furrow plough. I had been used to ploughing with a top link, and I was now ploughing with a semi mounted plough for the first time, and when the plough caught a tough spot in the field on a Sharpe rise, I didn’t  mind letting the front wheels lift up about a foot the first time, but on the next run in the same place I let the tractor rear up much more, and I was caught by surprise when it suddenly went straight up  almost vertical, and I had to stop the engine, so as it wouldn’t seize from lack of lubrication, and when I got out, I could see the four front lights shining straight up in the sky and the two rear lights shining directly into the ground, and had to go back to Avoca  to get my dad Dick, who attached a chain to the front and pulled it down again around 9:30 or 10:pmThe FORD 9600 had two chrome gear levers, one low and high with a park position, and another taller one with four forward speeds and reverse when pulled back fully, and up to fourth when pushed fully forward, which looked well. But there was a bit of a design flaw , and when one looks at the Cam gear shifter selector track :, and some of the indents  or grooves , you can see why the gear shift  could be a bit sticky or bumpy, and you had to be careful just to rock the gear lever a bit  to get it to move to another gear, if you lost patience with it  or put to many different drivers on the tractor,  one could snap the end of the selector Fork , after it happened a second time Harry Bushe explained it to me and instead of having to split the tractor a second time he drilled the selector fork and used a thread tap, and cut the head off a 7/16 bolt and was able to fit the steel roller on it, and it worked.      

A photo of four Ford 6600’s and 7600’s with MF corn drills

Five FAHR 1300 three 1976, and the other two 1979/1980

From the late-sixties to 1979 it was like the “Pharaoh’s dream” with the part with the seven fat cattle, and from 1982 to   about 1992 was like the seven thin cattle part, or as the late Hughie Mc Carthy, who had a way with words, described some of that period in the eighties as a time when even a “Black rat” was finding it hard to live. The extremely high interest rates and inflation stifled the economy. One could see for example from a piece, that I came across in the Wexford People, in May 1976 doing a feature on the NU-Plast factory in Arklow, Co. Wicklow, part of the boom years in Arklow and Co. Wicklow from 1967 to 1982.   In early 1967 there was a piece in the Irish Press: Four new factories for Arklow, Shanks Ireland in conjunction with Arklow pottery, Nu-Plast, the new Knitwears factory, and “Weldryte Ltd.” Factory.  The new N.E.T. Fertilizer factory which was about to come, was to be the real big one.  In May 1976 There was a very good feature piece on Nu-Plast in the Wexford People newspaper.

 28-May 1976 Wexford People newspaper

NU-Plast an Arklow industry that has beaten the recession

NU-Plast, manufacturers of polythene pipes, electrical conduit and damp-course, is one of the soundly based industries that has given Arklow the name of being one of the fastest growing industrial towns in provincial Ireland. The fact that Arklow has not experienced the worst effects of the current general recession on low business activity and high unemployment is due to the virility and soundness of its industries, and NU-Plast is a typical example of this. Manufacturing for the building industry and farming sector NU-Plast would be expected to suffer from the recession in the building industry but quite the reverse has been the case and experience for the Arklow factory. Through producing high-quality products at the lowest and keenest prices NU-Plast has been able to maintain full production through its 33-member workforce. In money terms, the sales of NU-Plast products have almost trebled in the last five years. Around the clock for instance NU-Plast has been working around the clock five days a week in order to keep the market supplied with its products sold throughout the 26 counties as well as a small export market in Britain and now in the summer-peak period the company has had to introduce weekend working so that supply can keep pace with demand. Further evidence of the strength and resilience NU-Plast can be seen from the fact that throughout the last two recession years when other industries both in Ireland and other countries were experiencing difficulties, they continued to record a healthy profit on each year’s trading. This success in the face of economic difficulty was achieved through astute purchasing of raw materials during the shortage year of 1973, careful management of the company’s operation, a dedicated workforce and quality produced products, all the ingredients that have sign-posted the development and expansion of NU-Plast over the last 15 years, plans are being laid for further expansion, the installation of new equipment, and a great participation in foreign markets, particularly in Britain.

For Farmers

Already moving with the times Nu-Plast has branched out into catering for the growing number of farmers who now turn their winter feed into silage instead of hay. For now, Nu-Plast are distributing silage packs in a variety of sizes and gauges, for the benefit of the silage farmer; while in the building industry they are selling builders polythene reels, ideal for dam proofing concrete floors among other uses. No doubt the greatest selling power behind these products is the good name that these products have built up for themselves amongst the buying public but at the same time Nu-Plast has an excellent sales staff in the field-Hugh O’Reilly who is well-known and popular throughout the merchant trade and with the company since the early days, dealing with the Dublin-Galway-Waterford triangular region; Michael Ryan responsible for the Northern region, and Haviland Renier looking after the specialised building products. So well-equipped both in terms of skilled workforce and highly trained staff, modern factory remises and steadily increasing up to date production lines

Humble beginning 1961

The Company started out as a one-man operation by Don Nuzum in a shed at the back of his home in Ferrybank, Arklow. At the time the emphasis in Ireland was on providing the necessity of running water in homes, and Mr Nuzum began by manufacturing polythene piping to meet the basic need. As the family business grew, Mr Nuzum moved to a larger premises at Wexford Road and then some ten years ago occupied the present premises at South Quay, Arklow, which was then only half its present size of 20,000 square feet floor space. Between 1968 and 1973 Mr Nuzum sold out his shares in NU-Plast, which in the meantime became a Limited company to Cannon Street Investments Ltd. of London. By the end of 1975 NU-Plast reverted to being a completely Irish owned company when it was purchased by Harcourt Irish Holdings of Dublin, who are well represented in the South East in that they also own Springs of Wexford general engineers and manufacturers of car and lorry springs.

In 1971 Jim Harrington joined the company as general manager, taking over in 1973 as managing director when Mr Don Nuzum resigned. Aged 33 years Mr Harrington who is married with one son, qualified with a B.E in Chemical engineering from UCD; spent three years with Courtaulds Ltd., England, in the chemical engineering department, graduated with a Master of Business Administration degree from Carnegie institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, USA, and then in 1970 worked with P.A. Management consultants, Dublin, before coming to Arklow.

Rapid progress

All the while Nu-Plast under prudent management, was building up a reputation throughout the Irish market for the high standards of its products and as that market grew it brought with it expansion at the Arklow factory and diversification into new products. The stage has now been reached where NU-Plast has a turn-over of almost £1million from its sales, which include not alone the products manufactured by the company at Arklow, but also as a distributor of a wide range of accessory fittings. The importance of land drainage to the farming community for increased agricultural production, benefiting both the farmer and the Irish economy has been reorganised by NU-Plast who produce an easy to assemble, yet durable and economic polythene (polyethylene) land drainage pipe, which has been approved by the Government for grant purposes

The other lines of production deal mainly with the building industry. NU-Plast are the sole manufacturers in this country of plastic damp-course, which is gaining in popular use as against the more conventional methods, and they have 75 percent of the Irish market in this type of product.

Water pipes NU-Plast are the market leaders in Ireland in the manufacture of polythene (polyethylene) water pipes- the product that started off the company initially, which bears the “quality mark” of the Institute for Industrial research and Standards. That this should be so demonstrates the wisdom of the “founding fathers” in launching the company with this “bestselling” multipurpose product.

Also turned out on the six production lines now in operation at the modern Arklow factory complex are garden hoses, electrical conduit and special extrusions of various types such as window sealing strips. All the products manufactured by NU-Plast undergo stringent tests at the factory to ensure that they conform to the high standards of quality and durability set by the Company and the I.I.R.S, and to give to the customer a product that can be relied on to do the job for which it was intended.

Accessories In addition to their manufacturing business, NU-Plast also distribute to all the retail outlets in the country, accessories that go hand in glove with their manufactured goods such as “Tubelock” fittings for polythene pipes, plastic tanks for domestic cold-water storage, garden hose fittings and electrical fittings. They are sole agents in this country for Vulkem sealants for expansion joints and the Polaroof range of roofing and wall and wall coatings. Nestled beside Arklow Harbour and the sea. NU-Plast has built its growth on the rising tide of demand for its products, anticipating markets for new products, and also the commitment and vision to be able to compete competitively on the “Free Trade” markets. This vision into the future at NU-Plast and with it will come hopefully further expansion and new horizons to conquer. While the factory has grown from small beginnings into a modern factory complex over the last 15 years. Sadly, by the end of December 1982 the factory closed. Don told me had seen the machine first in the   RDS in Dublin at a show, and as far as I remember he said it was Italian, and the firm were keen to sell it to him, and he explained to them he hadn’t enough money at the time, but they soon organised some finance and got him started. He told me at first, he could only make one size, and he arranged with Bob Naylor, Carnew, Co. Wicklow to machine a part for the machine to manufacture a different size of pipe, and he told me they stayed up until 3.0a.m. in the morning getting the part finished. Don told me he ended up tying some of the coils of piping on the roof of his car for deliveries. A good friend of mine, who has since passed on remembered Don’s brother Jos delivering a roll or two to his yard. Don was a real Entrepreneur having started up several other businesses, and was really gifted with his hands.       

Hard Hit Arklow 1982

Irish Independent 14-April-1982 This piece is a very good description of the severe downturn in 1981- ‘82

Is the worst yet to come? By PJ. Cunningham

More than any other town, Arklow has been savaged by the current economic recession

From an area of almost full employment up to the beginning of the decade, it has suffered a phenomenal collapse over the past two years which can only be matched by its equally unexpected industrial boom during the 1960s.

When a town the size of the Co. Wicklow capital suffers such an industrial devastation, it is normal to anticipate that things can only get better. Not so in this case. For while trade unionists, traders and other leaders in the 9,000 strong population have witnessed the rise of Arklow as an industrial haven to its present plummet, they are all certain about one thing, the worst is yet to come. Hardship that can only spell more hardship for a community which has lost between £10 and £11 million through unemployment since 1980 and now has more than 1,000 people or nearly one quarter of its workforce on the dole explained ITGWU Branch secretary Tom Duffy; “We have witnessed the collapse of town business empires in Arklow. A reduction of the NET workforce from 1,100 to just over 600, with 120 more redundancies in the pipeline. Similar loss scales in Arklow pottery, now on a three-day week and its sister factory Noritake closed now for six weeks, he mentioned Gypsum meaning the wallboard factory closed down overnight in 1980 with the loss of 130 jobs .and (NET) from great employers at their peak to the ailing situation at the moment. This in turn has hit subsidiary industries and the most depressing aspect is that there is nothing on the horizon to offset them”. Mr. Duffy pointed out that many of the industries had been marginal and once hit by the recession they all tumbled together. Tommy Duffy, whom my father knew well, had certainly witnessed both ends of the scale. Even though it wasn’t mentioned n this article, the” Avoca Mines” closed also in 1982 compounding it. In 1986 and land prices had probably been near their lowest point. After mid-1988 land prices began to rise a little although interest rates remained very high, Caroline my wife and were paying 17.75% plus a2% loading for one year in 1989 which was 19.75%. and in 1995 one could see land prices rising and the economy improving, and interest rates easing. After the collapse of the Berlin wall, and countries like Poland formerly under communism changing to a democracy, the fact that a large proportion of Poland never really believed in the old system and had a good work ethic left it easier for them to transition to the free-market economy and join the EU. Some    of the eastern block countries had to upgrade their banking system and avail of experience,” know-how and technology from the European and Irish banking system service industry. I knew from one or two sources there was a problem with Russian mafia during the 1990s, and while ordinary Russians were waiting years to buy something like a LADA, there was a huge demand for Mercedes cars in Russia also, one man working in the Irish banking system used to tell me about it, and with so much Natural gas available  to the State  some people used to go into work just to stay warm , with the work places so well heated, and if too warm they would just leave the windows open for a while.  The Pharmaceutical industry and computer industry was really helping the Irish economy grow stronger along with the building of new roads.Risckys steak house Fort Worth Stockyards, Texas November 1996

The real rise in the Celtic Tiger economy came in 1999-2000. The kitchen in Ballinakill house was slightly dark, lacking light, and Joy had a good idea using a Conservatory   apart from adding extra room, was really effective in bringing  in light. The House building and property prices rose fast, providing a huge amount of employment in the construction industry. There was a dip to some degree in 2001 with the “Dot com”

companies bubble having burst to a degree, as some of the share value which had been built on speculative future profits took a hit. My Father also died in December in 2001 Myself and some of my sons did a charity walk up Croghan mountain   to raise funds for cancer in September 2006, Mr Ger Leacy took the photo for the Gorey Guardian newspaper, and remarked amusingly, that looks like one of his brother’s Mick Legacy’s clothes shop jumpers, and he was perfectly right. Myself and my six brothers did a walk around New year’s Day or thereabouts for many years

Farmland values dipped and went into a lull for a while from 2002 as (Mrs Betty Mc Carthy accurately after the “Foot and Mouth” disease hit the livestock industry. An extraordinary thing happened a Celtic Tiger2. Began to take off, which not everyone was really aware of in 2004, which was built on a partly false illusion of confidence. Banks began to really shovel out money in Ireland and other parts of the world. With very low interest rates In Ireland and Europe for example people knew Anglo Irish bank had a fantastic performance. This spurred on other Irish banks, and Bank of Scotland, Fred Goodwin, RBS, Royal Bank of Scotland, was going crazy with ambition building a small bank in Scotland by taking over Dutch Bank   ABN AMRO into one of the World’s largest banks, and company and more or less bankrupting the bank leaving the Taxpayer on the hook. with interest rates at an all-time low to take risks.        CEOs etc. could see their remuneration increase greatly and be rewarded even more by taking bigger risks. In September 2004 we had responded to a farm wanted Advert from Nick Stafford in any part of County Wexford for his client in funds. He arrived up at our home in October2004   and arranged   for a day shortly after to look at it, which we did, and asked me for a map for his client. In fact, he had two farm wanted Adverts, he had another in our local newspaper also on the 6-October 2004 Wanted 350-500 Acre Residential tillage farm    anywhere in County Wexford. Upwards of €5,000,000 available. Genuine client (in funds). One day whilst in Arklow Nick Stafford asked me would I meet him with Mr John Hobson, whom I knew well from the time when I lived in Avoca, John who is deaf and mute, and quite easy to communicate with through writing or texting and quite calm.  I agreed to meet them and when I arrived at Kilmichael John was there in a silver long-wheel base Toyota Landcruiser jeep, and Stafford in a maroon colour 2002 Registered Land Rover Freelander. John wrote down he had to to get thirty million euros for his seventy acres up at Rathdrum. I though he was just being silly, but with the benefit of hindsight, I should have suspected that he may have been hinting at some sort of sale with the land he owned at Kilbride, Arklow, Co. Wicklow. It was only in February 2013 that I had heard he had sold the land in at Kilbride, Arklow through an Arklow agent, and I had it sometime later   confirmed that it was sold for €82.7 million Euros to Mr. Bill Mulrooney who did the deal and was acting for the purchasers/ developers with NCB stockbrokers and Ulster bank etc. along with high-net-worth people. There was 14.1 acres of Redmond’s land beside Hobson’s, which they bought for over €16.5 million, around 2006 and the 13-Acre Qualceram site was sold to the same men for 31million Euros. They bought Tinakilly house.  a Victorian mansion with 51 rooms, for about €10 million in 2007.  We are into the period of the seven fat cows’ cycle of the Pharoh’s dream, and in September 2008 the Credit crunch and the Banking collapse with Sub-prime mortgage lending. We have reverted back to the seven thin cows part of the cycle again. Mr. Richie Boucher CEO of Bank of Ireland, described a recession as going own in the elevator, and coming out of one, akin to coming up the stairs slowly, it took a long time, seventeen years for house prices to come back up to 2007/early2008 levels .

Keith 25 Jun Nantes2013 Keith and I, at quite a challenging meeting in French in NANTES June 2013

 The Internship Owen Wilson, Vince Vaughan

Tom Kinsella with his 30 foot CLAAS unloading our oilseed rape July 2012 into our NH 6030

Family meal in Torremolinos 2-July 2017

this Photo of a FENDT 516March 2020 in Ahullen, Kehoe Brothers have really moved on in a very progressive way over the last 40 years ago as partly outlined since this feature piece:

Kehoe Bros Feature in Belfast newsletter 25-May-2002

Brothers seeing Red.

The forecourt of Kehoe Bros machinery Ltd.’s impressive premises, Camolin, Co. Wexford was recently transformed. This was caused by the arrival of a fleet of new red Mc Cormick tractors.

Kehoe Bros machinery Ltd. Is one of the latest tractor and machinery dealers.

To be awarded a Mc Cormick dealership franchise. They were appointed dealers for North Co. Wexford and Wicklow

Denis Kehoe, who worked in URSUS distributorship between 1981 and 1984, set up the first company in Camolin, Co. Wexford in 1984. It was called Kehoe Brothers Tractor sales. In 1998 the company was restructured as Kehoe Brothers Machinery ltd.

Considering that they now have real quality AGCO Brands like FENDT and Massey. Ferguson.

FENDT 720 Feb 2023

David Kinsella with CLAAS on tracks 2022 for a couple of years doing our wheat